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Types of Millets in India: Benefits of Millets


Millets, one of the oldest foods, are small-seeded hardy crops that may grow in areas with poor soil fertility and moisture or in regions that receive rain. Millets are grown in mountainous, rain-fed, tribal, and low-fertile areas. These states include Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh.

Millets have a relatively short growing season, which enables quick growth from seed to harvest-ready crop in about 65 days or so. In densely populated areas of the world, these millets’ highly advantageous characteristic is vital. Millets may last for up to two years when stored appropriately.

Millets are an important part of Indian agriculture, as they are non-acid forming, non-glutinous, highly nutritious, and easily digestible. There are different types of millet in India. Each of the millets has its own benefits. These are the types of millets and the reasons millets should be included in your diet.

Also read: 12 reasons millets should be included in your diet.

Types of Millets in India and Their Benefits:

1. Pearl Millet Benefits (Bajra) 

Pearl millet is a nutritious food option for diabetics, heart health, perfect for celiac disease and gluten intolerance, and therapy for people with frequent acidity and stomach ulcers. Bajra also has many health benefits, such as promoting good gut health and providing protein to vegetarians. 

Bajra flour is a rich grain that is combined with seeds like rajma, moong dal, and chana dal to reduce blood pressure, make bone stronger, help with constipation, foster cholesterol, provide nutritious baby food, be rich in antioxidants, reduce the risk of colon cancers, and be a healthy choice of food for pregnant women and nursing mothers. 

Pearl millets are especially rich in potassium and minerals, making them a great choice for high-cholesterol patients. Some ways to eat Pearl millet are- Bajra flakes, Bajri Dhebra Khakhra, Bajra Rava, and Bajra Methi Khakhra.

2. Proso Millet Benefits (Chena/Barri) 

Proso millet is a widely grown and consumed health food in India, and is sold health food. It comes in a variety of colors and is called Vari (Marathi), Chena/Barri (Hindi), Cheena (Punjabi), and Cheno (Gujarati). 

Proso millet is loaded with Lecithin, Phytic acid, and magnesium to stimulate the nervous system and help prevent bad cholesterol, prevent Pellagra, Celiac disease, and free radicals. It is also rich in anti-oxidants to help delay the process of aging and its aging and can help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Try our Multi millet Idli Rava.

3. Finger Millet Benefits (Ragi) 

Finger millet (ragi) is an excellent source of natural calcium which helps in strengthening bones for growing children and aging people. It has been found that a finger millet-based diet helps diabetics, lower glycemic response and is recommended as a weaning food, especially in the southern parts of India. 

Finger millet also helps in the recovery from Anemia, falls naturally, and is an extremely nutritious cereal. Finger millet can be enjoyed in different forms and preparations, such as ragi dosa.

4. Sorghum Millet Benefits (Jowar) 

Sorghum (Jowar) is a gluten-free diet with many proven benefits, including being gluten-without, rich in fiber, and being a great food for diabetes. It is a complex carbohydrate that is naturally digested and rich in proteins, minerals, and antioxidants, making it an essential ingredient to improve our immune system and general health. 

Jowar is also an environmentally friendly option for food shopping, as it is more sustainable than other grains and uses less water to grow. Sorghum is a high-rich grain that contains significant amounts of B vitamins and can help lessen the risk of major digestive diseases, as well as the risks of obesity, strokes, and diabetes. 

You can eat Sorghum in various ways like Jowar Dosa(Instant mix), Jowar Rava, and Jowar flakes.

5. Foxtail Millet Benefits (Kakum/Kangni) 

It is a complete source of vital nutrients for the growth of bones and muscles. The vitamin B12 found in foxtail millet is essential to maintaining a healthy heart, ensuring that the nervous system is running smoothly, and overall promoting the growth of skin and hair. 

In Type-2 diabetes patients, a diet comprising Foxtail Millet may enhance glycemic regulation and lower insulin, cholesterol, and fasting glucose levels. Natural iron that’s abundant in foxtail millet helps in reducing muscle spasms and calming restless syndrome. Try our Multi millet Rava.

6. Little Millet Benefits (Moraiyo/Kutki/Shavan/Sama) 

Little millet grains are rich in antioxidants, polyphenol and antioxidant content, tannins, flavonoids, and minerals like phosphorus. They are a low glycemic index food, help with diabetes, lower cholesterol, weight loss, and detoxify the body. 

Little millet also provide satiety, prolonged gastric emptying, and weight loss for lifestyle disorders like obesity, diabetes, and other cardiovascular conditions. Little millet is recommended for those looking for a gluten-free diet or those with celiac disease/Gl-sensitive enteropathy.

7. Buckwheat Millet Benefits (Kuttu) 

Buckwheat millet is a nutritious food source with five health benefits: being gluten-free, rich in antioxidants, containing plant compounds like rutin and quercetin, supporting a healthy heart, providing fiber, and improving cholesterol balance. It is also a good source of energy, especially insoluble fiber, and resistant starch, which are both beneficial for gut health.

8. Amaranth Millet Benefits (Rajgira/Ramdana/Chola) 

Amaranth is a gluten-free flour option that can be used to thicken soups and stews, sauces, and more. It has anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce inflammation and reduces the risk of developing cancer. 

Amaranth is also a good source of protein, lysine, minerals like calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc, potassium, and phosphorus, and vitamins and minerals like vitamins A, C, E, K, B5, B6, folate, niacin, and riboflavin. It can also be used as a healthy snack or treat with coconut syrup or honey.

9. Kodo Millet Benefits: 

Kodo millet is a natural compound that has many health benefits, including regular consumption, weight management, controlling blood glucose levels, and boosting the circulatory system. It is rich in phenolic acids, phytates, tannins, linoleic acid, and antioxidants, which help reduce the risk of cancer, breast cancer, joint and knee pain, and the menstruation cycle.

10. Barnyard Millet Benefits (Sanwa): 

Barnyard millet is a popular food for diabetics, as it is low in calories, rich in fiber, low glycemic index, is low in carbohydrates, and is gluten-free. It is a grain that provides 75 calories and 1.5g of protein per serving, has high dietary fiber content, and helps to prevent constipation, excess gas, bloating, and cramps. 

Barnyard millet also has a high degree of retrogradation of amylase, which helps to form higher amounts of resistant starch. Additionally, it is a good source of iron, which can be found in some varieties.

11. Browntop Millet Benefits: 

Browntop millet is a great source of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and carbohydrates that can help with blood glucose binding, insulin acuity, digestive health, and heart disease.


One of the best choices you can make is to incorporate millet into your diet! They offer your body the energy it needs to get through the day and have a number of positive health effects. You may select from a variety of millets and prepare some incredible, mouthwatering meals that are both nutritious and delicious. 

Every kind of millet has a distinct flavor and health advantages, and they are all packed with vital nutrients. Knowing about the many millets will make it simpler for you to select the best one for you and your family. See what a difference it makes if you replace rice with organic millet! BeMillety has many millet-based food products


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